Area 181,035km2. It is bordered to the North by Thailand and Laos, to the East and the South by Vietnam, and to the South and the West by the Gulf of Thailand.
Capital City Phnom Penh (Population approx 2 Million, 290 square kilometers). It is considered the center of Industry, Administration, Commerce, and Tourism.
Population 13,124,764 Million (2003 est.) (90-95% Khmers) the balance being ethnic Chinese, Cham, ethnic Vietnamese and hill-tribe people.
Language Khmer, secondary languages: English and French
Religion 95% Theravada Buddhist with the balance being Muslim, Christian and animist. The official religion is Theravada Buddhism, which is also practiced in neighboring Laos, Thailand, Burma and Sri Lanka.
Food and Drink: Rice and fish are the basic foods enjoyed by Cambodians. Delicious noodle soups are available at cafes. Fresh seafood is plentiful at Sihanouk Ville. In major cities a wide range of culinary fare is on offer including; Chinese, Thai, French, Korean, Japanese, Indian, Vietnamese and Middle Eastern.
Climate Cambodia has four seasons:
1. Nov-Feb, cool/dry 2. Mar-May, hot/dry
3. Jun-Aug, hot/wet 4. Sep-Oct, cool/wet
Time GMT+7 hours
Currency RIEL (USD1 approximately 4000 Riels). US dollars are widely accepted.
Tipping Tipping isn’t obligatory but is widely practiced in hotels and restaurants, tour services in addition to the service charges shown on bills.
* Can be obtained at Royal Embassies and Consulates of Cambodia.
* A visa on arrival, valid for 30 days, is issued at Phnom Penh International Airport, Siem Reap International Airport. Poi Pet, O'Smach and Cham Yeam at the Cambodia-Thailand international border checkpoint and Bavet, Kaam Samnor at the Cambodia-Vietnam international border checkpoint.
* Visa fee: Business visa: USD25, Tourist visa: USD20.
Airport Taxi For visitors entering Cambodia through Phnom Penh International Airport, a taxi into the city will cost USD7 and will take approximately 15 minutes. Most hotels and better guesthouses provide airport pickups for booked guests. A (non-metered) taxi from Siem Reap International Airport into town, 11km away, costs about USD7 and takes 10-15 minutes.
Local Transport Cars and mini-buses are readily available for touring the temples at Angkor or for day trips in and around Phnom Penh. The cost of a car and driver is US$30+per day.
Hotels and Guesthouses: There are many of each in Phnom Penh, Siem Reap and Sihanoukville. Accommodation ranges from guesthouses charging from USD5/night to luxurious 5-star hotels. In Siem Reap there are several small/big hotels along the road between the airport and the town. (These are peaceful as they're set among rice fields and palms but require a taxi ride for each venture outside). Nightlife Plenty available, but take your own driver or "motodop" (motorbike taxi driver) for the evening.
Traditional arts and crafts are abundant in Cambodia. Scuptures., paintings and curving done with great care and attention. One can view such antiquities in market place, shop or museum. The variety of arts and crafts are large in range and include such item as: silver and gold jewellery, wicker were furniture, fine hard wood furniture, silks, marble sculptures, high quality China, leather ware and much more. There is a sharp eye for detail here and much of the products will be intricately carved especially the furniture, sculptures. Unfortunately, much of these works completely ceased to exist during the Khmer Rouge dictatorship. Artisans ware instead forced to work in labour camps, where most of them died painful deaths. Many arts and crafts also purposely perished during that time. Today there has been a revival, due to a great deal of restoration work, which has been initiated by foreign governments. Now many centers have been established to keep the ancient methods of the craftwork alive. You can see examples of this throughout the country.
Opening Hours Government offices: business hours are from 7:30 AM -11: 30AM and 2:30 PM-5:00 PM, Monday to Friday. Banks are open from 8:00 AM-3:00 PM Monday to Friday. Markets are open from early morning to late evening, including Sundays and pubic holidays.
Postal service Airmail to Europe takes 4-5 days, and to the USA 7-10 days
Newspapers English dailies: The Phnom Penh Post and The Cambodia Daily.
Internet services The Internet and E-mail are available in city and all the provinces.
Tourist information Ministry of Tourism. Tel.: (855)23 211 593, Fax: (855)23 212 837
Emergency There are emergency services in Phnom Penh. Call 119 ambulance, Call 118 fire truck, Call 117 polices.
International Gate Ways
- Phnom Penh International Airport
- Siem Reap International Airport
- Sihanoukville Port (Visa on Arrival)
Airport Tax: For International Airport:
- Foreigner: USD25
- Cambodian: USD18
- Foreigner: 6USD
- Cambodian: 5USD (Effective from 5th January 2004)
Cambodia has six airports at Battambang, Mondulkiri, Phnom Penh, Rattanakhiri, Siem Riep and Stung Treng. All flights pass through Phnom Penh International Airport.